Cowboyway Home Page

Menu    What Is    Newsletter    Top
CowboyWay.com

Cowboyway Home Page

Join Our Free Newsletter!

More information

 Disclosures / Privacy Policy / Photo Of The Day

What Are Cow Horns?

Horns are growths that protrude from the skulls of some species of animals, including the species "cattle."



In cattle (as well as some other horned species) both males and females can have horns. Since a "cow" is a mature female belonging to the species cattle, "cow horns" are well, horns on cows.

If a bull or steer has horns, they are called, logically enough, bull or steer horns.

However, since all horns are basically the same (whether they're from a cow, bull, etc.), many people casually refer to any horns as "cow horns."

Below: A Texas Longhorn cow with horns. While the Longhorn breed is famous for their horns, other breeds of cattle have them also.

A red cow with horns

Below is information on what horns are, and what animals have horns. If you are looking for cow horns and skulls for sale you can find them here.


What Are Horns?

Horns are growths that protrude from the skulls of some animals. Horns are made of two components: 1) bone and 2) keratin. The bone is the center, or core, of the horn and is fused to the bone of the skull. The bone core is covered by a resilient sheath (protective covering) made of keratin.

Horns are a permanent part of the animal, which means the horns an animal is born with are the same horns it has its entire life. In other words, horns are not annually shed and re-grown like antlers.

Horns do not branch out, but instead end in only one point on each side of the animal's head. Depending on the species of animal horns might be found on both males and females, or males only.

Below: The skull of a Longhorn cow. On the right-hand side of the photo the keratin sheath that protects the bone core of the horn has slipped off and is lying on the ground beside the skull.

Longhorn cow skull with horns

There is at least one exception to the description of horns given above. This exception is described a little lower on this page under the heading, "Pronghorn Horns - An Exception To The Rule."


From Etsy

From Etsy. Article continues below.


What Animals Have Horns?

Horns are found on animals from the family Bovidae. The family Bovidae includes such species as cattle, sheep, goats, gazelles, antelope, bison, buffalo, and others. Bovids (animals from the family Bovidae) roam across the continents of North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa.

In many species of Bovids horns are found on both males and females, but in some species are found on males only.


Pronghorn Horns - An Exception To The Rule

As already stated horns are permanent growths made of bone and keratin, they do not branch out, and are found on animals belonging to the family Bovidae (Bovids).

Nature, however, can be both curious and complicated. In the case of what defines a horn, the American Pronghorn Antelope is an interesting exception.

From the family Antilocapridae, the Pronghorn has horns that have two major characteristics in common with animals from the Bovid family: 1) their horns are made of a permanent bone core and 2) the bone core is covered with a keratin sheath.

However, while Pronghorns (like Bovids) do not shed the bone core of their horns. Pronghorns (unlike Bovids) do shed and re-grow their keratin sheaths. There is another difference between Pronghorn horns and Bovid horns: Pronghorn horns branch out while Bovid horns do not.

Because of these differences some people describe the Pronghorn as not having "true" horns.


Why Do Animals Have Horns?

Horns are used by animals as weapons of defense, for fighting or display during mating seasons, and/or as a symbol of rank. Some animals with horns also benefit from the blood vessels in the bone core acting as a natural radiator, helping to keep the animal cool.

Below: The skull of an 18 month old Watusi heifer. The Watusi is a breed of cattle known for growing horns that are both long and big around.

Watusi cow horns

What Do Horns Look Like?

Horns come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and lengths. Horns can be nearly straight, gently curved, tightly curved or curled, or spiraled.

While it is most common for an animal with horns to have only one set (one horn on each side of its head), certain animals, such as some sheep, have more than one set of horns.


Advertisement - Horn Cuff Bracelets / From Amazon


What Is Bone? What Is Keratin?

As stated previously on this page, horns are made of a bone core covered with keratin. So, what are bone and keratin?

Bone is a porous, mineralized, and rigid organ. While it is one of the two items that make up a horn, bone is probably best known for making up the endoskeleton of vertebrates. In a living animal bone is alive, made up of osseous tissue, blood vessels, nerves, marrow, and other components.

Keratin is a tough, non-mineralized, protein. It not only makes up the sheath of a horn, it is also a primary component of hair, nails, claws, hooves, feathers, and the shells of tortoises, turtles, and terrapins.

Below: A close-up of a keratin horn sheath. When a horned animal is alive there is a thin layer of tissue between the of the horn and the keratin sheath. After the animal dies this tissue decays and the sheath can often be slipped off the bone.

Keratin sheath from a cow horn

Horns vs. Antlers

Horns and antlers, though similar in some respects, are actually different. A brief description of some of their differences are below.

Related pages on CowboyWay.com:
Cow Skulls and Horns For Sale   •   Antler Chandeliers For Sale


What Is "Polled?"

The word "polled" means an animal that is naturally, or genetically, without horns. An animal that was born with horns but had them removed at some point would be described as "dehorned," not polled.

The word "muley" is a casual or slang term sometimes used to describe cattle, and means the same thing as polled.

Below: The skull of a polled cow.

Polled cow skull



What Is / Are...

What Are 5 Of The Biggest Wild West Robberies?

What Are 5 Reasons Horse Trailer Lighting Matters?

What Are 8 Dumb Things To Say To A Horse Lover?

What Are Chestnuts and Ergots?

What Are Cowboy Chinks?

What Are Ermine Spots?

What Are Horns?

What Are Horse Blood Marks?

What Are Horse Vaccines and How Do They Work?

What Are Horse Whiskers?

What Are Leads?

What Are The Parts Of A Western Saddle?

What Are Saddle Rigging Positions?

What Are Some Fencing Options?

What Are Some Horse Fencing Basics?

What Are Some Interesting Horse Facts?

What Are Some Interesting Charts and Graphs With Horse Information?

What Are Some Options For Temporary Horse Fencing?

What Are Slobber Straps?

What Are Synthetic Saddles Made Of?

What Are The Rodeo Catch Pens?

What Are The X's In A Cowboy Hat?

What Are The Three Legal Head Catches?

What Are Wolf Teeth?

What Is The Angle System For Branding?

What Is A Bosal?

What Is A Bull Riding Vest Made Of?

What Is Deworming Your Horse?

What Is A Domain Name?
Why would I need one for my farm or ranch even if I don't have or want a website?

What Is A Fifth Wheel Trailer Hitch?

What Is Flag and National Anthem Etiquette At A Rodeo?

What Is Floating A Horse's Teeth?

What Is Freeze Branding?

What Is Freeze Branding......What Do Horse Freeze Brands Look Like?

What Is A Galvayne's Groove?

What Is A Gooseneck Trailer Hitch?

What Is A Headstall?

What Is The History Of The Modern Rodeo Bucking Chute?

What Is The History Of The One-Hand Bareback Rigging?

What Is The Nasolacrimal Duct In Horses?

What Is A Pony Express Mochila?

What Is Hermann Oak Leather?

What Is Larvicidal De-Worming?

What Is The Flehmen Response?

What Is The Flying Gallop?

What Is The Mark Out Rule?

What Is A Nord Fork?

What Is The Rodeo Return Gate?

What Is Rotational Grazing?

What Is A Slick Fork Saddle?

What Is A Spur Ledge?

What Is A Swell Fork Saddle?

You Might Also Like

How To

Horse Tips

Who Was

 




Find Us On:

CowboyWay Facebook   CowboyWay Pinterest   CowboyWay Gab
CowboyWay USA.Life   CowboyWay MeWe


Join Our Free Newsletter!

More information





Disclosures / Privacy Policy

CowboyWay.com

Some images and/or other content on this website are copyright © their respective owners.
All other material copyright © 1999 - 2022 by CowboyWay.com - All Rights Reserved



CowboyWay Home

Horses For Sale / Classifieds

Cowboy eBay / Amazon

Saddles For Sale

How To / What Is

Horse Names

Horse Gestation Table

Horse Facts/Trivia

Cowboy Dictionary

Cowboy Music

Cowboy Quotes

John Wayne Quotes and Sound Clips

Stories

Reviews

Newsletter

Miscellaneous

Is Bronc Riding Cruel?

Rodeo News

Recipes

Coupon Codes

Links

Photos

Pin It!

Sitemap

Disclosures

Privacy Policy

Contact CowboyWay

Find Us On:

CowboyWay Facebook   CowboyWay Pinterest   CowboyWay Gab CowboyWay USA.Life   CowboyWay MeWe